The Qumran exhibit included a photograph of scroll fragments1 known as 4Q31 Deuteronomyd. These fragments are from one of several Deuteronomy scrolls found in Cave 4 at Qumran. The text was copied in Hasmonean Hebrew script and dates to approximately 100 B.C. The bulk of the text preserved in these fragments corresponds to Deuteronomy 2:24–36 and 3:14–4:1, which contain part of Moses' review of the Israelites' journey in the wilderness and the designation of Joshua as the leader of Israel after Moses.
The text of these fragments is similar to other
Hebrew versions of Deuteronomy, principally the Masoretic text and the
Samaritan Pentateuch (the Hebrew text of the first five books of the Old
Testament used by the Samaritans). However, because of the small amount of text
preserved in these fragments, it is difficult to determine which of these
two versions the fragments more closely resemble.
1. In the exhibit the fragments in this photograph were mistakenly identified as 4Q36 Deuteronomyi.